Live like Nubian’s. Explore the adventure:
Nubia is the homeland of Africa’s earliest black civilization with a history which can be traced from 3800 BC onward through Nubian monuments and artifacts, as well as written records from Egypt and Rome. In antiquity, Nubia was a land of great natural wealth, of gold mines, ebony, ivory and incense which was always prized by her neighbors.
Nubians are the people of northern Sudan and southern Egypt. With a history and traditions which can be traced to the dawn of civilization, the Nubian first settled along the banks of the Nile from Aswan. Along this great river they developed one of the oldest and greatest civilizations in Africa. Until they lost their last kingdom (Christian Nubia) only five centuries earlier the Nubians remained as the main rivals to Egypt, the other great civilization of North East Africa.
The Nubian and Egyptians conquered each other many times in their history. Taharqa is the best known of all Nubian rulers. Taharqa, a son and third successor of King Piye, the Nubian king of Napata who conquered Egypt. Taharqa was crowned king in 690 B.C in Memphis. He ruled over both Nubia and Egypt and devoted himself to all kinds of peaceful works, like the restoration of ancient temples in both Egypt and Nubia and building new sanctuaries, like the one at Kawa. In February/March 673, an army sent by the Assyrian king Esarhaddon was defeated by the Nubians . In April 671, the Assyrians were back, and this time, they captured [Memphis, Egypt|Memphis]] on 11 July. Taharqa had left the city, but his brother and son were taken prisoner.
In Lower Egypt Esarhaddon appointed the native princes as governors. One of these was Necho I, a descendant of Tefnakht, who resided in Sais in the western Nile Delta. Meanwhile, Taharqo fought back, reoccupied Memphis in 669 B.C, and forced the princes into submission.
Alara c.780-.760 B.C Maatra Kashta .760-.747 B.C Usermara Sneferra Piye c.747-.716 B.C Neferkara Shabaqo .716-.702 B.C Djedkaura Shebitqo c.702-.690 B.C Nefertumkhura Taharqo .690-664 B.C Bakara Tanwetamani 664-after 656 B.C
This provoked a third Assyrian campaign, which was broken off because Esarhaddon died. He was succeeded by Aššurbanipal, who conducted the fourth campaign in 667/666, took Memphis, and sacked Thebes. Because the princes were obviously unreliable, the Assyrian king chose one of them who could be trusted: Necho. When, after Taharqo’s death in 664, his successor Tanwetamani tried to reconquer Memphis (the subject of the Dream Stela); Necho beat him, and although he was killed in action, power remained in his family. It was his son Psammetichus I, who unified Egypt, and was clever enough to give the Assyrians the impression that he still served them after they had been forced to recall their garrisons when civil war broke out in Assyria in 651 to 648 BC. The Sphinx of Taharqa was found at Kawa Sudan, and is now on display in the British Museum.
Special program Explore the adventure
Live like Nubians
Day 1: Arrival to Luxor
Arrival to Luxor international airport, meet and assist by Abraam Tours representative, Transfer to your hotel (4* or 5* according to your choice)..
Day 2: Luxor
Visit of the king ‘s valley and the Karnak temple.
Lunch in local restaurant. Then transfer by car to Aswan.
Accommodation in your hotel (4* or 5* according to your choice)..
Day 3: Aswan
Visit the High Dam, which is the largest rock filled dam in the world. Later on visit the grand unfinished obelisk in the ancient quarries. Situated on the river Nile is the romantic Temple of Philae that awaits your visit.
Lunch in local restaurant.
Sail with a felucca around Kitchener’s island on a tranquil afternoon and muse at the stunning Agha Khan Mausoleum.
Day 4: Aswan
Visit of the largest Roman temple at Kalabsha and continues to the kiosk of Kertassi and the beautiful Speos of Beit El Wali.
Transfer to the Nubian Village where the adventure of discovering the Typical Life of Nubian’s will start, in typical Nubian House..’Live like Nubians’
Day 5: Aswan
A relaxing full day in the Nubian village to enjoy the peaceful serenity of the Nubian‘s life.
Day 6: Aswan-Abou Simbel.
Transfer by car to visit the grand avenue of sphinxes (Wadi el Seboua) you will be amazed by the remarkable temple of Dakka. Then you will continue your way to the city of Abou Simbel where you will spend the night in the hotel..
Day 7: Abou Simbel-Aswan
Early in the morning visit the magnificent temple of Abou simbel, then return back to the Nubian Village where you will spend your night once more with the Nubians.
Day 8: Aswan-Luxor airport.
Transfer by car to Luxor International Airport.